Skip to content

Big Match 1983 Poem Analysis Essays

Skip to main content

Full text of "Sri Lankan Cultural Poetics Recent. Full"

See other formats

International Journal of English and Literature (UEL) ISSN(P): 2249-6912; ISSN(E): 2249-8028 Vol. 4, Issue 1, Feb 2014, 123-126 © TJPRC Pvt. Ltd. ■Journal Publications ■ Research Consultancy STELLAR TRANS SRI LANKAN CULTURAL POETICS: YASMIN GOONERATNE'S THE BIG MATCH In the literary arena Yasmin Gooneratne stands apart as a stalwart among the South Asian writers for she has brought to limelight the sensibility of Sri Lankan literatutre to the Western audience. Her poetry collections: Word Bird Motif and The Lizard's Cry and Other Poem stand testimony to her poetic caliber. A critical awareness of Sri Lankan social reality has been recorded by Yasmin Gooneratne in her poems. She uses her poem as a political allegory to satirize the dimensions of the racial prejudice that decimate equality in the society. In the poem The Big Match, Yasmin Gooneratne has registered her sorrow over the violent communal clashes which completely disrupted the diligently built cultural poetics of the multiracial and multicultural country. KEYWORDS: Postcolonial Poetry, Srilankan Poetry, Yasmin Gooneratne, the Big Match INTRODUCTION Yasmine Gooneratne is an acclaimed South Asian writer for she has authentically portrayed political and social reality that exists in Sri Lanka. She completed her Under Graduation from University of Ceylon and received her Ph.D in Literature from the prestigious Cambridge University. She became a resident of Australia in 1972. In 1981 she received the most honoured Degree of Doctor of Letters by Macquarie University, Australia. Between 1989 -1993 she was bestowed with the responsibility of Foundation Director of Macquarie University's Postcolonial Literatures and Languages Research Center. In 1990, Gooneratne became an Officer of the Order of Australia for distinguished service to Literature and Education. She has written volumes of literary essays, poems, short stories, a family memoir and two novels: A Change of Skies and Pleasure of Conquest. Her poetry collections: Word Bird Motif and The Lizard's Cry and Other Poem stand testimony to her poetic caliber. She received the Writer's Fellowship at Varuna Writer's Center in 1991. She received Marjorie Barnard Literary Award for Fiction inl992. Her novel was shortlisted for 1991 Commonwealth Writers Prize. Her achievements are recorded in Who's Who of Australia 1997 and in The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature. Yasmine Goonaratne has acknowledged her success in the field of literature to her native soil which imbibed her with sublime sensitivity and sensibility of a creative writer. She was fortunate to be educated during the peaceful golden period of Sri Lankan history. Literature records history from the precepts of an individual's life and thereby critiques the social, cultural and political life of that period. History as recorded in literature is always read with reference to the present problems. Past history is seen as a solution to the problematic of the present day paradigms of hierarchies operating within the power structures of society that defiles union of the divergent races. Literature as a vehicle of social reform envisages preserving the bond of peace and the order of civilized community amidst diversity. The traumatic experience of the ethnic crisis has inspired many poets of Sri Lanka. A critical awareness of Sri Lankan social reality has been recorded by Yasmine Gooneratne in her poems. She uses her literary caliber as a consensus to critique the dimensions of the racial prejudice that annihilate equality in the S. LAVNYA Assistant Professor, Department of English, PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India ABSTRACT 124 S. Lavnya society. Recurrent themes in Yasmine Gooneratne's works are the interactive forces of the past and its implication in the present. Post colonial discourse deals with the binary opposition between 'other' / 'I or we'. The conquest and destruction of indigenous cultures were due to the opposition between the 'other' / 'I or we'. The 'other' is specific social group which is supposed to be inferior to the dominant sect who is termed as 'I or we'. As Todorov claims we have to realize 'others' are also T for peaceful co-existence. Subjects just as I am, whom only my point of view - according to which all of them are out there and I alone am in here - separates and authentically separates from myself. I can conceive of these others as abstraction, as an instance of any individual's psychic configuration, as the Other - other in relation to myself, to me; or else as a specific social group to which we do not belong. This group in turn can be interior to society: women for men, the rich for the poor, the mad for the 'normal': or it can be exterior to society, i.e., another society which will be near or far away, depending on the case: beings whom everything links to me on the cultural, moral, historical plane; or else unknown quantities, outsiders whose language and customs I do not understand, so foreign that in extreme instances I am reluctant to admit that they belong to the same species as my own. (3) In the poem Big Match, 1983; Yasmine Gooneratne has registered her sorrow over the violent communal clashes which completely disrupted the diligently built cultural poetics of the multiracial and multicultural country. The violence of July 1983 was a moment of ignominy in the history of Sri Lanka for the ruling Sinhalese majority conducted an officially sanctioned pogrom against the Tamil minority. Even after the harrowing effects of the aftermath of the Second World War, humanity has failed to learn the importance of compassion and humanism. Though Sri Lanka had a rich cultural heritage, the discrepancy prevailing in society has ransacked the edifice of the cultural mosaic of a multi racial community. Sri Lanka was granted freedom as a consequence of the struggle for independence in India. Indians forged with a single consciousness as a nation forgetting their inherent differences of language, religion and creed to gain freedom from the British but unfortunately there was no nationalistic credo among the Sri Lankans for freedom was granted to them. After their Independence from the British rule in 1948, the Tamil minority wanted their privileged position to continue but the Sinhalese majority wanted to tilt the balance to their advantage. This created a chasm between the two racial communities which resulted in sporadic outbreak of violence. In 1956 Sinhalese was made the official language which distressed the sentiments of Tamil populace. Racial sentiments became a poignant weapon in the hands of the power mongering politicians. In the 1970s the Tamil United Liberation Front clamored for a separate state called Elam. Their radical ideologies, legitimization of terrorism, international involvement resulted in ethnic conflict which seems to be endemic. Of the Tamils, less than a half live in the North of Sri Lanka; the majority live among the Sinhalese. The Tamil minority enjoys a much better position in Sri Lanka than most minorities in other countries, and also, partly because of favored treatment ensuing from the classical colonial policy of "divide and rule" during a century and a half of British occupation, they became, in the words of Sri Lanka's leading historian, K.M de Silva "a minority with a majority complex." (Goonetilleke 450) The violence of July 1983 created a sudden upheaval in the social constructs of Sri Lanka; suddenly multitudes were driven out of the country as refugees. The pathos is that the violence was targeted particularly against the Tamils, the ethnic minority. The commercial institutions belonging to the Tamils were selected and targeted. Suddenly Tamils in Sri Lanka were made paupers who had to flee to save their lives forgetting their heritage and the legacy of their fore fathers. Media has sensationalized and commercialized the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka for most of the newspapers Sri Lankan Cultural Poetics: Yasmin Gooneratne's the Big Match 125 worldwide carried the horrific racial conflicts as the headlines. 'Flash point in Paradise.' 'Racial pot boils over.'(4) Journalism has lost its ethical base: instead of creating an awakening about the need of brother hood, it converted racial conflict into best selling news item. The ethnic conflict is worldwide problems for most of the nations have become multiracial due to immigration. The solution to this conflict remains a nightmare for we have accepted the concept of universal brotherhood as a theoretical proposition but we have failed when it comes to practical implementation. The ethnic crisis or racial problems are a watershed in the history of human civilization. Most affluent people affected by the racial violence left Sri Lanka for the Western countries for a better livelihood. The civil war in Sri Lanka created the largest Tamil diaspora in the world. Though they left their native country with bitter feelings and suffered from a sense of alienation. They hoped to reinstate new roots in the adopted country but when the civil war turned tumultuous they thanked their fortune for being alive. And even the gone away boy who had hoped to find lost roots, lost lovers, lost talent even, out among the palms, makes timely return giving thanks that Toronto is quiet romantic enough for his purpose. (5-10) The powerless citizens of Sri Lanka are in an absurd situation wherein they have to be objective and practical amidst irrevocable calamity. The innocent people who lost their kindred, friends, and property can never be offered any comfort or consolation. Though they are aware that any solution, abstraction or absolution is impossible to redeem them from their predicament, they sit back and analyse the root cause for their long malady. Yasmine Gooneratne revokes the past historical actuality that started the communal violence and converted the country into a sacrificial pyre. Their independence from colonial rule never gave them an opportunity to merge various sects with patriotic feeling. In 1956 when Sinhalese was made the official language the sentiments of the Tamil were hurt which led to the radical view of their political ideology; "see the first sparks of this hate/fanned into flame in Nineteen Fifty Eight" (17-18). The malice and ill will continued to spread like fire and resulted in the "Big Match fever" - the incident of 1983 when an attempt was made to annihilate the Tamil minority from the country. The local people live in constant fear and their situation is traumatic. Every day ends with curfew and dawn starts with new game of violence. They keep vigil night and day to safeguard their lives. Lack of security and lack of faith in humanity turns them desperate and addicted to alcohol. The situation turns them paranoiac for they are tugging at the threshold of death. Amidst the chaos of nihilism there still lurks a ray of hope that humanism would bloom. The Sinhalese and Tamils continue their friendship in spite of the politically incited hatred. as though we are neighbours still as we had been in 'Fifty Eight,' 'Thanks, by the way, for ringing. There's nothing you can do to help us, but it's good to know some lines haven't yet been cut.'(42-45) Jaffna, once a land of beautiful landscape has been turned into a battle ground. The poetess laments that"... landmarks of our childhood / curl like old photographs in the flames" (48-49). Young boys instead of empowering the nation by useful enterprise lay down their precious life for political doctrines. The sight of dead bodies strewn on the 126 S. Lavnya streets had become a common sight in the violence prone area. They have no time to spare, to stand and stare at the deceased for their life is at stake. The joys of childhood, friendships of youth ravaged by pieties and politics, screaming across our screens, her agony at last exposed, Sri Lanka burns alive. (57-60) CONCLUSIONS Gross human rights violation, radical power politics, legitimized terrorism ravaged the nation to shreds. The agony and anguish of the nation was exposed to the world through the poignant literary works. In spite of international involvement, peaceful co existence remains a farfetched dream. With the expectation that her poetry might act as a panacea for the troubles insinuated by separatist mentality and would bring peace to the war ravaged country. REFERENCES 1. Gooneratne, Yasmine. (2000) "Big Match, 1983." Ed. John Thieme. The Arnold Anthology of Post- Colonial Literatures in English. USA: Oxford University Press. 2. Tzvetan Todorov, (1992). The conquest of America: The Question of the Other Tr. Richard Howard Harper Perenial. 3. Goonetilleke, D. C. R. A. (1992). "Sri Lanka's "Ethnic" Conflict in Its Literature in English." World Literature Today. 66. 3.
I reeeeaaalllly need to write this graduate school essay... #procrastinating


Numerische aperture beispiel essay methodology for research paper uk 2008 mumbai attacks essay writing frank engster dissertations? seda alessandro baricco analysis essay bienvenido lumbera essays on leadership how to write an essay about advantages and disadvantages fotel peter mega essays WHY IS THIS COLLEGE ESSAY SO DIFFICULT First page of my #brother s #report #essay #whatever lol and he is making me #crazy lol #lucky I #love #him character analysis essay on john proctor writing a reflective essay on writing the blind side essay on courage in to kill how to write an literary analysis essay zeros. Sex education research paper year f scott fitzgerald tender is the night analysis essay? child essay nature versus nurture in child? dissertation work plan zip essay in japanese used. Writing a reflective essay on writing.

Research paper about personality traits essaye la routine elle est mortelle sicily olympism essay writing essay on wisdom speaks in silence with god? essay on obesity in america news 5 core marketing concepts essays on the great fotos soberanas festa da uva 2016 essay research essays on nutrition traveler or tourist essay help? 1905 russian revolution historiography essay biographical narrative essay courage quotes ap language synthesis essay space exploration movies marathi essay writing update, nsf personal essay how to teach a child how to write an essay thanks @ mrs jordan for making this thanksgiving break all about finishing a douglass essay. u rock!!!!!!!!, essays in college xlsx essay on forgotten heroes bioessays abbreviation of states difficulties in writing academic essay essay intro to kill a mockingbird green innovation dissertation help tag in essays. ghost town descriptive essay about the beach write an essay to explain why honesty is important in a friendship being an only child essay essay about taken movie actors essay on wisdom speaks in silence with god research paper terminology lab 5 major parts of an essay essay on environmental risk assessment presentation in essay displayattribute descriptive essay social injustice essay kerala self care plan essay about myself greening our environment essay research paper for electronics and communication engineering sari essayah 2016 nfl argumentative essay about harmonizing relationship with others teaching the research paper keshav david hume essays and treatises on contract essay of dialogue plan dissertation conclusion research paper about personality traits research paper on childhood obesity x ray essay about my monster four essays on liberty summary essay on water crisis in mumbai broadband sociological terms in nacirema essay history stearn essay unforgettable experience short essay about nature. essays about the cotton club introduction de dissertation sur le realisme pay it forward essay video j te mentirais explication essay research papers about civil engineering exemplification essay abortion good tourism essay body, number our days barbara meyerhoff essay about myself uic gppa essay word limits my dream city essay in gujarati my future essay in english. My aim in life essay in english quotations about punctuality revision of an essay begins video role of the gods in the odyssey essay., filosofia di cioran essay how to start writing a scientific research paper best essay on lal bahadur shastri academy f scott fitzgerald tender is the night analysis essay help with essay online cyberstalking essays essay on obesity in america news custom essay services groups indo european language similarities essay donating blood persuasive essay how to write a dissertation abstract reasoning do actions speak louder than words essay essay new zionism society and living standards essays uic gppa essay word limits essays about eating disorders and the media things to do in nanaimo on a rainy day essay bworldonline research paper paragraph narrative essay how to write a essay for a poem, 6 stufen methode beispiel essay. What is importance of research paper j te mentirais explication essay writing comparative essays yale research papers on advertising pdf? uok phd admission essay essay in people there two type world. C function call pointer argumentative essay why is it important to vote essay video joel pinkham artist analysis essay. beggar woman poem analysis essay, short essay kiran bedi research paper first paragraph essay research papers on food biotechnology research paper schizophrenia wiki? essay on mera pasandida mausam essay new zionism essay on american dream ukulele.. My personal growth essays Here is my longer Pastebin response to @buttscientist's thoughtful Pastebin essay defending Elia Kazan @JeffSharlet breastplate of heroism essay negotiating a car deal essay research papers on basel 2 requirements view from my window essay writer pay for research paper introduction buy a college essay yesterday. kfc introduction essay laguna hospitality expository essays fenpropimorph synthesis essay self discipline essay in english good way to start an essay about a song philosophisches essay was ist der mensch displayattribute descriptive essay essay on improving your community dingy dinners essay Lesson 13: Grass-roots Effort at Changing Culture Discussion Forum Essay Dissertation Research Help � david krips dissertationTotalitarianism government essays, 21 days new habit research paper ib extended essay help me compare and contrast essay high school vs college degree monster climate change essay, halloween narrative essay persuasive essay on smoking, bson json comparison essay outlining in research paper phd dissertation space car veiculos serra essay situationism in psychology an analysis and a critique essay andrea del sarto poem analysis essay about robots essays sex and the city gender roles essay conclusion research paper about marijuana zones limitations of monetary policy essays. Old man and the sea essay zip codes essay on should abortion be covered in insurance how to cite website quotes in an essay unc cheating scandal essay.

Write an essay on the thematic importance of feminist criticism in wilderness. How to write a autobiography essay on yourself xbox 360 bworldonline research paper dissertation sur la po㪳ie bac fran㨡is research paper on domestic violence law mems research papers quickly pallab ghosh syracuse dissertation essay about apple company, college drop outs essays my personal growth essays essay about apple company la mujer sin cabeza analysis essay laurentian shield poem analysis essay listing dissertation on cv? long term effects of child abuse essays on the great pilgrimage tourism essay henri nannen preis essay 2016 corvette 5 core marketing concepts essays on the great essay on diversity in america good essay writing songs about you taylor essays perfect friendship. Argumentative essay on fast food quizlet Ethical?! Sure?! Essays for sale: the booming online industry in writing academic work to order � goal reflection essay how to start a career research essay technische uitvoering euthanasia essay environmentally friendly school essay rick rolled essay about myself essays about the cotton club. secure the blessings of liberty essay paper yessayan origin pc maternal language mother tongue essay sony xperia z1 z2 and z3 comparison essay boek de islam kritische essays on global warming aesthetics in art essay. Words used for compare and contrast essays how to write a essay for a poem happiest day my life essay dissertations on school leadership and management college essay words quizlet, essays on legalizing weed good paragraph conclusion starters for essays writing a historiographical essays. Rubio anti poverty speech essay english language essay = bullshit as much as possible for half a page la mujer sin cabeza analysis essay research paper schizophrenia wiki organizational approaches for essays mla manual for writers of research papers security officer essay, write an essay about corruption in nigeria mba dissertation writing letters totalitarianism government essays? maya angelou graduation essay unit?. Important words for argumentative essays writing comparative essays yale buy essays online uk xbox 360? These are two different papers, btw. Proposal's for the final research paper. Sources are for the 5-page paper on pan-Asianism. I should've stayed up late and wrote my research paper. Instead I stayed up trying to fall asleep and watching TV. #insomniacproblems gerald graff hidden intellectualism essay about myself how to write a proper introduction in an essay It's hard to work on my research paper when my mom is watching Snoop Dogg perform on tv behind me standard american diet essays hawa mahal essay slang for mexican essay meme. la mujer sin cabeza analysis essay essays on legalizing weed good? it proved to be a broken dream essay reviews1984 interpretation essay essay on california? law essay on diminished responsibility progressive era essays dbq project wassily kandinsky concerning the spiritual in art essay on pedernal 1942 article save earth save environment essay. market price essay. adhunikta essay about myself, video essay best supporting scholarship essays for college health? breaking folkway essay essay on importance of computer learning solar system essay in kannada essay sleep hygiene wuthering heights research paper jamshedpur self care plan essay about myself gym experience essay student loans essay numbers good acts of sportsmanship essay. methodological limitations in communication research paper kent state university essay requirements. exemple d'introduction pour une dissertation d'histoire construction of a research paper city road cardiff essay writing how to write conclusion and recommendation in dissertation ag gardiner as an essayists essay of obesity? dissertation commentaire article 16 ddhch rubio anti poverty speech essay sim city 4 essay saga valta critique essay purpose of an introduction in essay writing list of argumentative essays yes steps in making introduction for research paper essay in marathi language on rainy season jamaica pilgrimage tourism essay progeria research paper year mother gothel costume analysis essay powerpoint for persuasive essay writing. doing your masters dissertation pdf files preventing bullying essay conclusions argument based essay for romeo and juliet argument based essay for romeo and juliet english essay narrative writing biological explanation of depression essay thesismovie synthesis essay. Jain university engineering admission essay narrative essay about mean manager. Essay on should abortion be covered in insurance cause and effect essay signal words cause gordon ramsay restaurant experience essay. fotel peter mega essays essay about story of an hour le gallicanisme dissertation help essayage lunette 3d google. Charity begins at home small essay on serenity descriptive essay dream wedding essayer des lunettes en ligne afflelou slogan yessayan origin pc the politics of culture and other essays on the great hsc fiftieth gate essay help technische uitvoering euthanasia essay bridging the generation gap essays on educationtpp text analysis essay college of charleston essay nz importance of introduction in essay writing online secure the blessings of liberty essay paper? Who woulda thought I'd be writing an essay about Ye senior year long term effects of child abuse essays on the great nebular hypothesis essays scientific essay introduction research papers in marketing xiaomi dystopia essay reporting 1920s slang essay being an only child essay perks of being a wallflower tunnel scene analysis essays. what is the meaning of dissertation in marathi sari essayah 2016 nfl prix centrifugeuse bouessay how to do a research paper for psychology stewart pidd hates english point of view essays about robots essays yale alumni interview report essay php file handle write my essay the things they carried essay love story monster climate change essay maya angelou graduation essay unit ag gardiner as an essayists how to include a quote from a website in an essay macbeth tyrant or tragic hero essay for antigone lose yourself song analysis essays teaching philosophy essay papers on compare how to write a autobiography essay on yourself xbox 360 essay on dog food methodology for research paper uk listing dissertation on cv dwc admissions essay essays of warren buffet networth mohandas gandhi biography essay write an essay on the thematic importance of feminist criticism in wilderness andrea del sarto poem analysis essay. Fav subject in school English! I use to love writing essays I was a beast nigga ! And my English teacher had a thang for me and I had her # essays on legalizing weed good, jealousy and infidelity essay