> REAL QUICK, BEFORE HE COMES; [ 00:02:50.503]OUT, LET ME TELL YOU HE OUTED HIMSELF AS AN UNDOCUMENTED; [00:02:54.007]IMMIGRANT IN AN ESSAY, PUBLISHED IN."> > REAL QUICK, BEFORE HE COMES; [ 00:02:50.503]OUT, LET ME TELL YOU HE OUTED HIMSELF AS AN UNDOCUMENTED; [00:02:54.007]IMMIGRANT IN AN ESSAY, PUBLISHED IN.">
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Jose Antonio Vargas Essay Writing

Author: JOSE ANTONIO VARGAS

Added: 09/21/2015

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  • [00:00:02.735]♪ MUSIC ♪
  • [00:00:09.008]>>> TODAY YOU'RE PART OF AN IMPORTANT CONVERSATION OF OUR
  • [00:00:14.614]FUTURE.
  • [00:00:14.948]THE E.N. THOMPSON LECTURE SERIES THE DIVERSITY OF NEW POINTS, OF
  • [00:00:19.552]NATIONAL POLITICAL ISSUES TO, PROMOTE UNDERSTANDING, AND
  • [00:00:24.057]ENCOURAGE IN THE UNIVERSITY AND THE STATE OF NEBRASKA.
  • [00:00:28.595]SINCE THE INCEPTION SINCE 1988, HUNDREDS OF SPEAKERS HAVE
  • [00:00:32.932]INSPIRED AND CHALLENGED US, MAKING THE FORUMS, ONE OF THE
  • [00:00:38.938]PREEMINENT SPEAKER SERIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION.
  • [00:00:41.841]IT ALL STARTED WHEN THOMPSON, IMAGINED A FORUM ON GLOBAL
  • [00:00:48.648]ISSUES THAT WOULD INCREASE UNDERSTANDING FROM EVENTS AROUND
  • [00:00:52.986]THE WORLD.
  • [00:00:55.221]HE WAS INFLUENCED, HELPING TO FOUND THE UNITED NATION, AND THE
  • [00:01:01.761]WORK WITH THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTE.
  • [00:01:03.363]AS PRESIDENT OF THE COOPER FOUNDATION IN LINCOLN,
  • [00:01:10.103]JACK PLEDGED SUBSTANTIAL FUNDING FOR THE SERIES.
  • [00:01:10.503]THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, AND THE EXTENSION OF THE PERFORMING
  • [00:01:16.042]ARTS.
  • [00:01:16.643]LATER, JACK AND HIS WIFE, CREATED THIS HANDSOME FAMILY
  • [00:01:21.648]FARM TO SUPPORT THEM AND THEIR CHILDREN.
  • [00:01:26.686]TODAY, MAJOR SUPPORT IS PROVIDED BY THE FOUNDATION, THE CENTER OF
  • [00:01:30.790]PERFORMING ARTS AND THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA.
  • [00:01:34.027]WE HOPE THESE TALKS, SPARK AN EXCITING CONVERSATION AMONG YOU.
  • [00:01:40.667]AND NOW, ON WITH THE SHOW.
  • [00:01:57.450]>>> GOOD EVENING LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, ASSOCIATE VICE
  • [00:02:00.386]CHANCELLOR HERE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA LINCOLN.
  • [00:02:04.023]IT'S MY PLEASURE TO WELCOME YOU TO THE E.N. THOMPSON LECTURE
  • [00:02:06.726]SERIES ON WORLD ISSUES. FOR MORE THAN A QUARTER CENTURY, THE
  • [00:02:10.830]UNIVERSITY HAS PARTNERED WITH THE PERFORMING ARTS TO BRING YOU
  • [00:02:15.468]THIS FORUM.
  • [00:02:16.336]TONIGHT WE'RE PLEASED TO BE JOINED BY THE PROGRAM COMMITTEE,
  • [00:02:24.110]IT'S A STUDENT PROGRAM.
  • [00:02:26.546]TO ENHANCE THE COMMUNITY.
  • [00:02:30.683]THIS YEAR, THE FORUM SPEAKERS, IS ADDRESSING ACTIVISM.
  • [00:02:36.589]IT'S MY PLEASURE TO INTRODUCE YOU TO JOSE ANTONIO VARGAS.
  • [00:02:40.593][APPLAUSE] >> REAL QUICK, BEFORE HE COMES
  • [00:02:50.503]OUT, LET ME TELL YOU HE OUTED HIMSELF AS AN UNDOCUMENTED
  • [00:02:54.007]IMMIGRANT IN AN ESSAY, PUBLISHED IN THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE.
  • [00:02:58.811]IT STUNNED POLITICAL AND MEDIA CIRCLES HIS FILM, DOCUMENTED,
  • [00:03:06.185]CHRONICLES HIS OWN JOURNEY WHILE FOLLOWING THE OTHER PLIGHTS OF
  • [00:03:09.656]ON OTHER IMMIGRANTS.
  • [00:03:11.257]HE'S THE AUTHOR OF DEFINE AMERICAN, A MEDIA AND CULTURE
  • [00:03:15.762]CAMPAIGN TO ELEVATE THE CONVERSATION AROUND THE
  • [00:03:19.299]CITIZENSHIP IN THE CHANGING AMERICA.
  • [00:03:22.068]LET'S KEEP THE CONVERSATION GOING AFTER THE REMARKS, YOU MAY
  • [00:03:26.839]TWEET.
  • [00:03:27.140]AND THE TITLE OF TONIGHT'S PRESENTATION IS DEFINE AMERICAN:
  • [00:03:32.345]MY LIFE AS AN UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANT.
  • [00:03:35.548]LET'S GIVE A WARM HUSKERS WELCOME TO JOSE ANTONIO VARGAS.
  • [00:03:39.018][APPLAUSE] >> I CAN'T REALLY SEE YOU.
  • [00:03:54.934]BUT I WANT TO TAKE A PHOTO, SO SMILE.
  • [00:03:57.437]SMILE.
  • [00:04:04.844]THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR HAVING ME HERE.
  • [00:04:06.646]I HAVE TO SAY, BY THE WAY, BEFORE I GOT HERE LAST NIGHT,
  • [00:04:10.149]GETTING READY TO PACK TO COME HERE, I WENT ON FACEBOOK.
  • [00:04:13.753]I WENT ON YOUR FACEBOOK PAGE.
  • [00:04:17.656]AND I SAW THIS POST THE FACT THAT I WAS COMING HERE, AND I
  • [00:04:23.963]SAW A COMMENTS FROM JOHNNY SAND.
  • [00:04:25.965]THE COMMENT WAS, IF THIS IS TRUE, THAT I'M COMING HERE, I
  • [00:04:31.037]JUST LOST ALL RESPECT FOR NEBRASKA.
  • [00:04:34.140]ILLEGAL ALIENS SHOULD BE DEPORTED, NOT GIVEN SPEAKING
  • [00:04:38.978]INVITATIONS AT NEBRASKA.
  • [00:04:40.513]IF JOHNNY SANDS IS HERE, PLEASE SPEAK UP.
  • [00:04:48.454]I'M REALLY REALLY GRATEFUL TO BE HERE, AND I APPRECIATE THE
  • [00:04:53.826]EFFORT OF ALL THE WONDERFUL PEOPLE THAT MADE SURE THAT THIS
  • [00:04:59.298]HAPPENED TODAY.
  • [00:05:00.066]IT'S NOT EVERY DAY IN THIS COUNTRY, GIVEN THAT WE'RE
  • [00:05:05.505]DEPORTING AND ARRESTING AND DETAINING UNDOCUMENTED PEOPLE
  • [00:05:08.041]LIKE ME EVERY DAY, THAT YOU INVITE SOMEONE LIKE ME TO GIVE A
  • [00:05:13.046]SPEECH, SO THANK YOU FOR THAT, I REALLY APPRECIATE IT.
  • [00:05:21.954]YOU'RE LOOKING AT ONE OF THE MOST PRIVILEGED IF NOT THE MOST
  • [00:05:26.159]PRIVILEGED UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANT IN AMERICA, AND THAT
  • [00:05:30.129]PRIVILEGE, COMES THE RESPONSIBILITY TO BE PUBLIC.
  • [00:05:31.964]SO THE OTHER DAY, WHEN ANN TWEET, AND TWEETS ACCORDING TO
  • [00:05:39.806]TRUMP, ALL ILLEGALS SHOULD BE DEPORTED IN TWO YEARS.
  • [00:05:43.710]AND THAT'S THE REASON HE'S SKYROCKETING POLL NUMBERS ARE UP
  • [00:05:49.115]THERE.
  • [00:05:49.449]SO I TWEETED RIGHT BACK, I SAID, WE'RE NOT GOING ANYWHERE, I'M
  • [00:05:55.254]NOT GOING ANYWHERE.
  • [00:05:58.291]AND CC'D DONALD TRUMP, AND THEN I HEARD BACK FROM A GUY, DENNIS
  • [00:06:09.535]O'TOOLE, AND I REMEMBER SEEING HIS NAME, ARE YOU IRISH?
  • [00:06:15.808]AND THEN HE SAID, NO, I'M AMERICAN.
  • [00:06:20.546]AND I SAID, WAIT A SECOND, FROM WHERE?
  • [00:06:23.883]WHERE ARE YOUR ANCESTORS FROM?
  • [00:06:26.819]HOW DID THEY GET HERE, WHO PAID?
  • [00:06:29.756]AND HE RESPONDED MAKES NO DIFFERENCE, I WAS BORN HERE BY
  • [00:06:34.026]AMERICAN PARENTS, PERIOD.
  • [00:06:35.661]AND THEN I SAID, IT MAKES A BIG DIFFERENCE.
  • [00:06:39.265]DO YOU KNOW THE HISTORY OF IRISH IMMIGRANTS AND THE RACISM THEY
  • [00:06:42.902]FACED?
  • [00:06:43.903]AND THEN HE SAID NO.
  • [00:06:45.772]IRISH CAME LEGAL.
  • [00:06:49.842]AND THEN I PICKED UP A COUPLE OF MY HISTORY BOOKS, AND SAID, DID
  • [00:06:55.281]YOU KNOW THAT BORDER PATROL WAS BORN IN 1924, ELLIS ISLAND IN
  • [00:07:00.720]1892 IS WHEN IT OPENED, MANY IRISH IMMIGRATED HERE, AND THEN
  • [00:07:10.196]HAVE YOU READ THE BOOK, HOW THE IRISH BECAME WHITE?
  • [00:07:15.768]TO MY SURPRISE, DENNIS FOLLOWED ME ON FACEBOOK, AND ON TWITTER,
  • [00:07:19.305]SO I'M HAPPY ABOUT THAT, IF DENNIS IS WATCHING, THANK YOU
  • [00:07:24.777]FOR FOLLOWING.
  • [00:07:25.878]BUT I'M SHARING THIS WITH YOU, I WANTED TO ACCENTUATE THE FACT
  • [00:07:33.119]THAT WE MUST INSIST ON FACING OUR FULL HISTORY.
  • [00:07:37.223]WE MUST INSIST ON PREACHING BEYOND THE CHOIR.
  • [00:07:44.263]WITH OTHERS WHO MIGHT NOT AGREE WITH US, AND FIGURE OUT WHY THEY
  • [00:07:48.901]DON'T.
  • [00:07:49.202]CALLING US RACIST, OR A BIG GOT, THAT'S EASY, TRYING TO
  • [00:07:53.739]UNDERSTAND THE ROOT OF THE DISCONNECTION, THAT'S HARDER,
  • [00:07:57.009]AND THAT'S MORE NECESSARY.
  • [00:07:58.744]THAT'S WHY I ENGAGE WITH PEOPLE IF THEY'RE POLITE ENOUGH.
  • [00:08:04.083]ON TWITTER -- ABOVE ALL, WE MUST INSIST ON DIFFICULT,
  • [00:08:13.960]UNCOMFORTABLE CONVERSATION.
  • [00:08:15.328]SO I'M SUPPOSED TO TALK ABOUT IMMIGRATION, BUT I'M NOT.
  • [00:08:18.731]I'M HERE TO TALK ABOUT DEFINE AMERICAN, WHICH TO US IS MORE
  • [00:08:23.369]THAN ABOUT IMMIGRATION.
  • [00:08:25.238]DEFINE AMERICAN IS A NONPARTISAN MEDIA ORGANIZATION, THAT SEEKS
  • [00:08:33.246]TO ELEVATE THE CONVERSATION AROUND RACE, CITIZENSHIP AND
  • [00:08:37.984]THE CHANGING AMERICA. MY JOB IS TO CONNECT THE DOT.
  • [00:08:42.020]SO MOST RECENTLY, DEFINE AMERICAN PARTNERED WITH MTV TO
  • [00:08:47.093]MAKE A FILM CALLED WHITE PEOPLE.
  • [00:08:49.862]IT'S AIRED ON MTV A COUPLE OF MONTHS AGO.
  • [00:08:54.901]A LOT OF CONTROVERSY.
  • [00:08:55.501]BUT FOR ME, IT WAS MY OWN WAY WITH THE PAST FOUR YEARS TO
  • [00:09:01.274]ENGAGE WITH YOUNG AMERICANS OF ALL BACKGROUNDS, AND I WAS
  • [00:09:05.778]STRUCK BY TWO THINGS.
  • [00:09:07.847]ONE ACCORDING TO A MTV STUDY, FOUR OUT OF FIVE YOUNG AMERICANS
  • [00:09:12.685]ARE UNCOMFORTABLE TALKING ABOUT RACE.
  • [00:09:14.787]NUMBER TWO, IT WAS FASCINATING LISTENING AND TALKING TO YOUNG
  • [00:09:18.658]WHITE AMERICANS, ABOUT THEIR OWN IMMIGRATION BACKGROUND.
  • [00:09:22.962]I DID AN EVENT IN GEORGIA.
  • [00:09:24.964]THE UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, THREE, ABOUT THREE YEARS AGO.
  • [00:09:27.833]AND I GOT INVITED SO I WENT.
  • [00:09:30.770]THIS YOUNG MAN AND I GOT IN A DEBATE IN FRONT OF PEOPLE AND I
  • [00:09:34.507]ASKED HIM, HEY, WHERE ARE YOU FROM?
  • [00:09:37.677]AND HE SAID, I'M AMERICAN.
  • [00:09:39.679]>> NO, NO, BUT WHERE ARE YOU FROM.
  • [00:09:46.085]>> HE SAID, I'M WHITE.
  • [00:09:48.054]I SAID, WHITE IS NOT A COUNTRY, WHERE ARE YOU FROM?
  • [00:09:52.692]AND HE'S ASKING, HOW DARE DO I COME HERE ILLEGALLY, AND I
  • [00:09:56.829]TURNED THE TABLES AROUND ON HIM, AND SAID, WHERE DID YOU COME
  • [00:10:00.866]FROM, HOW DID YOU GET HERE, AND WHO PAID?
  • [00:10:06.405]IF YOU CAN'T ANSWER THOSE QUESTIONS, HOW CAN YOU EMPATHIZE
  • [00:10:10.109]OF THEIR OWN IMMIGRATION BACKGROUND IS.
  • [00:10:13.045]HOW DARE YOU ASK THEM HOW THEY GOT HERE, WHEN MAYBE YOUR OWN
  • [00:10:20.119]ANCESTORS DIDN'T NEED PAPER TO GET HERE.
  • [00:10:22.488]I'M PERFECTLY AWARE OF THE THREE ANSWERS OF THE QUESTIONS.
  • [00:10:25.725]WHERE DID I COME FROM?
  • [00:10:29.061]THE PHILIPPINES.
  • [00:10:30.896]HOW DID IT GET HERE, MY GRANDFATHER SMUGGLED ME HERE,
  • [00:10:36.502]AND WHO PAID?
  • [00:10:37.336]MY MOTHER AND GRANDFATHER.
  • [00:10:40.172]AFTER 12 TO 14 YEARS OF BUILDING A CAREER, AND LYING MY WAY
  • [00:10:49.148]THROUGH THE CAREER, AND AFTER ACHIEVING WHAT I THOUGHT TO BE
  • [00:10:53.052]AMERICAN, I HAD ENOUGH, AND DECIDED FOR THE SECOND TIME IN
  • [00:10:56.055]MY LIFE, I WOULD COME OUT.
  • [00:11:00.593]THE FIRST COMING OUT WAS IN HIGH SCHOOL, WHEN I TOLD THE U.S.
  • [00:11:04.463]HISTORY CLASS THAT I WAS GAY.
  • [00:11:06.866]THE SECONDS COMING OUT, TOOK 12 MORE YEARS, I DECIDED AGAINST
  • [00:11:11.804]THE ADVICE OF 25 LAWYERS, ISN'T THAT THE MOST UNATTRACTIVE PHOTO
  • [00:11:19.812]YOU'VE SEEN?
  • [00:11:20.846]SO THIS GETS PUBLISHED AGAINST THE ADVICE OF MY LAWYERS, AND
  • [00:11:25.651]WAITING IN NEW YORK, I STARTED PACKING MY STUFF, AND I WITHDREW
  • [00:11:30.856]MY MONEY FROM MY BANK, AND GETTING READY TO HEAR FROM
  • [00:11:37.129]SOMEONE FROM IMMIGRATION.
  • [00:11:38.764]AND INSTEAD, I HEARD FROM BILL O'RILEY, AND EVERY SHOW, AND
  • [00:11:48.774]THEN I WAITED.
  • [00:11:49.108]AND NOTHING HAPPENED.
  • [00:11:52.311]A FEW MONTHS INTO THIS, I CONTACTED THE EDITOR OF TIME
  • [00:11:56.615]MAGAZINE AND SAID HEY, I WANT TO WRITE A STORY OF WHY THEY
  • [00:12:00.853]HAVEN'T DEPORTED ME.
  • [00:12:03.556]AT THIS POINT, THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION, DEPORTED 5,000
  • [00:12:09.328]PEOPLE, IN 2011 ALONE.
  • [00:12:11.997]AND DEPORTING MORE THAN 2 MILLION PEOPLE IN THE PAST TWO
  • [00:12:17.069]YEARS.
  • [00:12:17.369]THIS IS HAPPENING ALL AROUND ME AND NO ONE IS TOUCHING ME.
  • [00:12:20.139]SO THE EDITOR SAID, YES, GO AHEAD AND DO THE STORY.
  • [00:12:24.343]I ACTUALLY CALLED THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MYSELF.
  • [00:12:30.015]HEY IF YOU'RE GOING TO DO THIS, YOU HAVE TO DO THIS ALL THE WAY.
  • [00:12:33.886]SO I CALLED, AND I SAID, HI, MY NAME IS JOSE ANTONIO VARGAS,
  • [00:12:38.157]I'VE NOT HEARD FROM YOU.
  • [00:12:45.264]IT'S KIND OF FUNNY BUT IT'S NOT.
  • [00:12:47.099]AND THE WOMAN SAID, WHAT ARE YOU DOING?
  • [00:12:51.170]SHE FOUND OUT WHO I WAS.
  • [00:12:52.404]AND I SAID, WHAT ARE YOU DOING?
  • [00:12:54.073]AND SHE SAID, I HAVE TO PUT YOU ON HOLD.
  • [00:12:58.010]SO SHE PUT ME ON HOLD, AND THEN SHE GOT BACK ON THE PHONE AND I
  • [00:13:02.781]SAID TO HER, I'M ON DEADLINE, THIS IS A COVER STORY.
  • [00:13:06.652]I NEED A COMMENT.
  • [00:13:08.187]WELL SHE SAID, THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DOES NOT HAVE
  • [00:13:11.757]A COMMENT.
  • [00:13:16.529]AND YOU KNOW, I ACTUALLY THINK THIS IS A METAPHOR FOR HOW MOST
  • [00:13:22.968]AMERICANS THINK OF US.
  • [00:13:25.037]NO COMMENT.
  • [00:13:26.572]RIGHT?
  • [00:13:27.139]HERE IN NEBRASKA ALONE, 3% OF THE POPULATION, 55,000 PEOPLE,
  • [00:13:34.680]AS FAR AS WE KNOW, ARE UNDOCUMENTED.
  • [00:13:37.249]THE 55,000 PEOPLE BY THE WAY,PAID ABOUT $44 MILLION IN
  • [00:13:42.087]STATE AND LOCAL TAXES IN 2012, I DON'T KNOW IF YOU KNOW THAT.
  • [00:13:47.226]WHEN WE GO TO STARBUCKS, AND $54 MILLION IN PROPERTY TAXES.
  • [00:13:55.000]WE ALSO OWN PROPERTY.
  • [00:13:56.735]YOU KNOW WE'RE HERE, YOU KNOW WE'RE DRIVING, YOU KNOW WE GO TO
  • [00:13:59.905]THE SAME CHURCH, AND THE SAME SCHOOL.
  • [00:14:04.276]SO WHAT DO YOU WANT TO DO WITH US?
  • [00:14:07.146]AND THEN I FIGURED, WAIT A SECOND.
  • [00:14:11.283]AS LONG AS SOMEONE IS MOWING YOUR LAWN AND BABY SITTING YOUR
  • [00:14:15.821]KIDS, AND YOU HAVE THE CHEAP LABOR YOU NEED TO MAKE SURE THE
  • [00:14:20.059]AGRICULTURE ECONOMY STAYS AFLOAT.
  • [00:14:22.228]NO COMMENT.
  • [00:14:22.628]RIGHT?
  • [00:14:24.597]SO THIS WOMAN SAID, I CAN'T COMMENT, AND I'M LIKE, I HAVE TO
  • [00:14:28.400]WRITE THE STORY.
  • [00:14:30.035]SO A WEEK LATER, THIS WAS ON THE COVER OF TIME MAGAZINE.
  • [00:14:36.242]34 -- THANK YOU.
  • [00:14:44.817]34 YOUNG UNDOCUMENTED PEOPLE FROM 15 DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.
  • [00:14:50.756]COUNTRIES LIKE NIGERIA, YES, THERE ARE UNDOCUMENTED BLACK
  • [00:14:57.463]PEOPLE.
  • [00:14:57.997]COUNTRIES LIKE GERMANY, WITH MORE THAN 1 MILLION OF THE
  • [00:15:04.036]UNDOCUMENTED PEOPLE ARE ASIAN.
  • [00:15:07.039]THAT'S NOT PART OF A CONVERSATION, WE RARELY TALK
  • [00:15:12.611]ABOUT FACT.
  • [00:15:13.178]FACT NUMBER ONE, DID YOU KNOW THE UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS LIKE
  • [00:15:17.149]ME, HAVE CONTRIBUTED MORE THAN $100 BILLION INTO THE SOCIAL
  • [00:15:22.855]SECURITY FUND?
  • [00:15:24.390]THAT'S ACCORDING TO THE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.
  • [00:15:26.825]THIS IS NOT WHAT YOU HEAR ABOUT, WHEN DONALD TRUMP TALKS ABOUT
  • [00:15:30.996]US.
  • [00:15:34.733]RIGHT?
  • [00:15:35.134]WE'RE MOOCHING OFF OF SOCIETY.
  • [00:15:37.236]WE'RE NOT PAYING INTO SOCIAL SECURITY, SOCIAL SECURITY, BY
  • [00:15:41.006]THE WAY THAT WE DON'T HAVE ACCESS TO.
  • [00:15:44.810]IN 2011, THE U.S. GOVERNMENT, INVESTED MORE THAN $100 BILLION
  • [00:15:50.816]PROTECTING YOU FROM THE U.S.
  • [00:15:52.951]MEXICO BORDER.
  • [00:15:54.720]$100 BILLION.
  • [00:15:57.389]PROTECTING YOU FROM CHIPOLTE.
  • [00:16:02.828]PROTECTING YOU FROM WHAT?
  • [00:16:03.996]MIND YOU, I DON'T KNOW ABOUT YOU, BUT THE COST OF A COLLEGE
  • [00:16:08.267]EDUCATION IN THIS COUNTRY IS GETTING HIGHER AND HIGHER.
  • [00:16:11.503]I WOULD RATHER GIVE YOU THE $100 BILLION TO GO TO COLLEGE THAN TO
  • [00:16:15.641]BUILD A BORDER THAT'S NOT FULLY SECURE.
  • [00:16:18.877][APPLAUSE] DOESN'T THAT MAKE MORE SENSE?
  • [00:16:28.821]AND BY THE WAY, YOU TALK ABOUT THE BORDER, DID YOU KNOW THAT
  • [00:16:33.625]40% OF THE PEOPLE HERE ILLEGALLY, ACTUALLY DIDN'T CROSS
  • [00:16:38.697]THE BORDER?
  • [00:16:39.498]THEY OVER STAYED A VISA.
  • [00:16:41.467]I GOT HERE ON A PLANE.
  • [00:16:43.869]I DON'T KNOW WHAT YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT.
  • [00:16:45.204]IT'S BEEN FASCINATING HEAR DONALD TRUMP, DONALD TRUMP, TALK
  • [00:16:50.509]ABOUT THE PLAN TO HUMANLY TO DEPORT 11 MILLION PEOPLE LIKE
  • [00:16:57.282]ME.
  • [00:16:57.649]APPARENTLY HE PLANS TO DO THIS IN TWO YEARS, AND BY HIS
  • [00:17:01.286]CALCULATION, HE WOULD HAVE TO DEPORT 458,333 IMMIGRANTS PER
  • [00:17:09.928]MONTH.
  • [00:17:10.262]THAT'S 57,000 PEOPLE PER DAY, THAT WOULD COST THE GOVERNMENT,
  • [00:17:16.234]11 PEOPLE LIKE ME, COST YOU $12,500 PER IMMIGRANT, THAT GETS
  • [00:17:23.474]US TO $137 BILLION.
  • [00:17:28.046]SO I WANT TO MAKE SURE I UNDERSTAND THIS.
  • [00:17:31.650]WE CONTRIBUTE $100 BILLION TO KEEP YOUR SOCIAL SECURITY
  • [00:17:37.890]SOLVENT, AND THEN YOU WANT TO SPEND THAT PROTECTING YOURSELF
  • [00:17:40.759]FROM MEXICO, AND THEN YOU WANT TO SPEND $137 BILLION DEPORTING
  • [00:17:45.230]US.
  • [00:17:51.537]REALLY?
  • [00:17:51.870]AND BY THE WAY, THIS IS NOT CELEBRITY APPRENTICE.
  • [00:17:56.975]YOU KNOW, DONALD TRUMP IS NOT SOME IMPERIAL PRESIDENT.
  • [00:18:01.313]TO DEPORT PEOPLE LIKE THIS, HE HAS TO GO THROUGH THE UNITED
  • [00:18:04.950]STATES CONGRESS AND SUPREME COURT.
  • [00:18:07.186]AND HE'S NOT GOING TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT.
  • [00:18:09.721]I DON'T KNOW IF YOU KNOW THIS, TO ME, IS AN UNKNOWN FACT.
  • [00:18:15.327]AN ESTIMATED 17 MILLION PEOPLE IN THE UNITED STATES, LIVE IN
  • [00:18:20.499]HOUSEHOLD THAT AT LEAST ONE PERSON IS UNDOCUMENTED.
  • [00:18:23.235]IT'S A MIXED STATUS FAMILY.
  • [00:18:26.572]I'M PHILIPPINE, AND WE HAVE HUGE FAMILIES, AFTER 33 PEOPLE IN MY
  • [00:18:32.744]FAMILY, OUT OF ALL NIGHTS, NIECES -- AUNTS, NIECE, I'M THE
  • [00:18:39.117]ONLY ONE IN MY FAMILY, THAT'S UNDOCUMENTED.
  • [00:18:42.154]SO IF YOU DEPORT ME, WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN TO MY
  • [00:18:47.759]GRANDMOTHER?
  • [00:18:48.193]OR MY NIECE AND IS NEPHEWS, WHO ARE AMERICAN BORN CITIZENS.
  • [00:18:52.931]YOU'RE NOT DEPORTING ME, YOU'RE IMPACTING THEM.
  • [00:18:57.069]THIS IS ACTUALLY MY FAMILY.
  • [00:19:00.038]MY EXTENDED FAMILY, INCLUDING MY HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL, AND
  • [00:19:05.577]SUPERINTENDENT, AND ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO HAVE RAISED ME SINCE
  • [00:19:09.481]I WAS 14 YEARS OLD.
  • [00:19:10.449]WHEN I TRAVEL IF COUNTRY, I GIVE YOU IF FACTS.
  • [00:19:14.286]WHEN I GO TO ALABAMA, ARKANSAS, IOWA, IT'S NOT JUST ABOUT FACTS.
  • [00:19:21.760]IT'S THE VISUAL FEELING.
  • [00:19:23.195]THAT SOMETHING IS TAKEN AWAY, FROM AMERICANS.
  • [00:19:26.999]THIS ANXIETY AND INSECURITY, WRAPPED IN KIND OF INDIFFERENT
  • [00:19:32.204]AND PLAIN IGNORANCE SOMETIMES.
  • [00:19:34.506]I GET ASKED QUESTIONS LIKE, WHAT DO YOU MEAN YOU'RE NOT MEXICAN?
  • [00:19:42.281]I DON'T KNOW.
  • [00:19:43.015]CALLED SPANISH COLONIALISM.
  • [00:19:45.150]A HINT FROM ME TO YOU, YOU SEE A PERSON THAT LOOKS LIKE HISPANIC,
  • [00:19:55.127]IT'S PHILIPPINE.
  • [00:20:00.232]WHAT ABOUT ILLEGAL, DON'T YOU UNDERSTAND.
  • [00:20:02.768]I'M HERE ILLEGALLY.
  • [00:20:05.237]I AM HERE ILLEGALLY, WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION.
  • [00:20:08.607]I AS A PERSON IS NOT ILLEGAL.
  • [00:20:11.109]BECAUSE PEOPLE ARE NOT ILLEGAL.
  • [00:20:20.652]BUT I HAVE TO SAY, MY FAVORITE QUESTION I GET ASKED, ALL THE
  • [00:20:24.856]TIME, THREE TO FIVE TIMES A DAY, IN VARYING DEGREES OF ANGRY
  • [00:20:31.630]E-MAILS.
  • [00:20:32.030]THE QUESTION IS WHY DON'T YOU JUST MAKE YOURSELF LEGAL?
  • [00:20:40.005]BECAUSE I'M A MASOCHIST.
  • [00:20:41.840]THIS IS SO MUCH MORE FUN.
  • [00:20:43.875]I'M CRAVING ATTENTION.
  • [00:20:46.311]RIGHT?
  • [00:20:46.812]AND YOU KNOW, THIS IS JUST AN EASY THING FOR ME TO DO.
  • [00:20:50.349]THE FACT THAT PEOPLE CAN ACTUALLY ASK YOU THAT QUESTION,
  • [00:20:54.586]PEOPLE SEEM TO THINK ALL I HAVE TO DO IS SHOW UP IN FEDEX, GET
  • [00:20:59.491]IN LINE, FILL OUT A FORM AND I'M AN AMERICAN.
  • [00:21:03.862]AND I'M CROWDING YOUR EMERGENCY ROOM, AND SPEAKING SPANISH,
  • [00:21:08.667]THAT'S NOT THE CASE.
  • [00:21:10.035]I'VE BEEN IN THIS COUNTRY SINCE I WAS 12 YEARS OLD.
  • [00:21:18.477]REALLY, FOR ALL THE DEBATE OF ILLEGALS, AND BORDER SECURITY
  • [00:21:22.648]HERE IN THE UNITED STATES, YOU KNOW, YOU CANNOT TALK ABOUT
  • [00:21:26.885]MIGRATION RIGHT NOW, AND NOT LOOK AT WHAT'S HAPPENING IN
  • [00:21:30.322]EUROPE.
  • [00:21:30.989]MIGRANTS COMING FROM AFRICA, AND MIDDLE EAST, WE MUST INSIST ON
  • [00:21:38.497]ASKING PROPER QUESTIONS.
  • [00:21:40.632]WHAT'S THE TRADE AGREEMENTS HAVE TO
  • [00:21:45.070]DO WITH MIGRATION PATTERNS?
  • [00:21:50.575]WHEN PRESIDENT CLINTON, SIGNED NASA, HOW DID THAT IMPACT THE
  • [00:21:55.781]WORKERS, AND THE MEXICAN ECONOMY?
  • [00:21:58.850]LAST SUMMER IN THE CENTRAL AMERICAN CRISIS, WHAT HAPPENED
  • [00:22:03.055]TO THE COUNTRIES OF EL SALVADOR, HOW DID THINGS GET SO VIOLENT?
  • [00:22:09.327]WHO SOLD THEM THE GUNS?
  • [00:22:11.096]WHO FUND IT HAD DRUG WAR?
  • [00:22:14.099]WHY DID THE KIDS COME HERE AND RISK THEIR LIVES?
  • [00:22:20.405]FOR ME, THE QUESTIONS OF 100'S OF YEARS AGO, THE SPANISH, AND THE
  • [00:22:27.112]AMERICANS, AND BRITISH, SAW IT FIT TO COLONIZE AND IMPERIALIZE
  • [00:22:32.818]A COUNTRY, THEY JUSTIFIED THE BEHAVIOR BY WHITE MAN'S BURDEN,
  • [00:22:38.223]WHY CAN'T PEOPLE FREELY MIGRATE NOW?
  • [00:22:41.126]AND THE LANGUAGE THAT WE USE.
  • [00:22:45.130]WHAT SEPARATES THE MIGRANT FROM A REFUGEE?
  • [00:22:49.267]WHAT MAKES SOMEONE ILLEGAL, VERSUS A REFUGEE?
  • [00:22:52.370]A COUPLE OF MONTHS AGO, I WAS IN AN EVENT IN NORTH CAROLINA.
  • [00:22:56.641]WE SHOWED DOCUMENT, AND AT THE END OF THE FILM, THE MAN SAID,
  • [00:23:02.848]WHY ARE THERE SO PHILIPPINES HERE?
  • [00:23:19.831]AND ALL I COULD SAY, IS SIR, WE ARE HERE BECAUSE YOU WERE THERE.
  • [00:23:26.571]YOU KNOW WHEN THE PHILIPPINES WAS A PROTECTOR TO THE UNITED
  • [00:23:32.244]STATES, HOW DARE YOU ASK ME WHERE I'M FROM, AND WHY I'M HERE
  • [00:23:36.748]IF YOU DON'T KNOW YOUR OWN HISTORY.
  • [00:23:40.018]WHY WILL YOU KNOW IT AND FACE IT?
  • [00:23:43.054]AND WHAT DOES THAT MEAN AS WE MOVE FORWARD?
  • [00:23:46.992]BUT, HERE'S WHERE IT GETS REALLY REALLY TRICKY.
  • [00:23:51.029]WE CANNOT CHANGE THE PUBLICS OF IMMIGRATION.
  • [00:23:54.299]UNTIL WE CHANGE THE CULTURE IN WHICH PEOPLE TALK ABOUT
  • [00:23:57.202]IMMIGRATION.
  • [00:23:59.604]CAN YOU IMAGINE WHERE THE LGB RIGHTS BE WITHOUT ELLEN
  • [00:24:13.518]DEGENERIS?
  • [00:24:13.885]WE CANNOT CHANGE THE PUBLICS OF IMMIGRATION, UNLESS WE CHANGE
  • [00:24:17.022]THE CULTURE IN WHICH WE TALK ABOUT IMMIGRATION.
  • [00:24:19.791]FOR ME, HAVING GROWN UP IN THE LATE 90'S IN HIGH SCHOOL, I
  • [00:24:24.062]REMEMBER THERE WAS A TIME THAT GAY STRAIGHT ALLIANCES FORMED IN
  • [00:24:30.302]THE HIGH SCHOOL, AND THE SUCCESS OF WILL AND GRACE WAS TOLD
  • [00:24:37.042]EVERYONE, WHERE EVERY WILL, THERE'S A GRACE.
  • [00:24:40.312]FOR EVERY GAY PERSON, THERE'S A STRAIGHT BEST FRIEND, NEIGHBOR,
  • [00:24:47.285]COWORKER, THOSE ARE WHAT WE CALL ALLIES.
  • [00:24:51.623]AND I KNOW I'M NOT ONLY SPEAKING FOR MYSELF, I'M SPEAKING FOR --
  • [00:24:58.930]SOME UNDOCUMENTED NEBRASKANS IN HERE.
  • [00:25:05.437]I APPLAUD ALL THE ALLIES IN OUR LIVES.
  • [00:25:08.974]THE TEACHERS, THE MENTORS, THE PASTORS, I'LL NAME A COUPLE IN
  • [00:25:14.512]MY LIFE.
  • [00:25:15.814]THIS IS MY HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL.
  • [00:25:17.249]WHEN I OUTED MYSELF AS UNDOCUMENTED, I OUTED HER WITH
  • [00:25:21.453]HER PERMISSION.
  • [00:25:22.954]SHE WAS THE ONE WHEN I TOLD HER IN HIGH SCHOOL, I WASN'T GOING
  • [00:25:26.658]TO APPLY TO COLLEGES, I DIDN'T HAVE FINANCIAL AID, SHE WAS THE
  • [00:25:31.596]ONE THAT FOUND ME A SCHOLARSHIP SO I COULD GO TO COLLEGE.
  • [00:25:38.036]THERE WAS A MAN NAMED PETER PEARL.
  • [00:25:42.440]I THOUGHT I HAD THE WORD ILLEGAL TATTOOED ON MY FOREHEAD, I WAS
  • [00:25:46.544]SO NERVOUS.
  • [00:25:47.412]IT WAS ONE THING TO BE UNDOCUMENTED IN CALIFORNIA, AND
  • [00:25:52.117]ANOTHER THING WHEN YOU'RE WORKING TWO BLOCKS FROM THE
  • [00:25:54.753]WHITE HOUSE.
  • [00:25:56.221]I DECIDED TO GO TELL SOMEONE AND I DECIDED TO TELL HIM.
  • [00:26:01.159]I BOUGHT HIM SOME COFFEE, WE WENT TO THE PARK, AND I SAT HIM
  • [00:26:06.031]DOWN, AND TOLD HIM EVERYTHING.
  • [00:26:08.600]TOLD HIM EVERYTHING.
  • [00:26:09.668]I EXPECTED HIM TO SAY, OH, UM, OKAY, WE HAVE TO REPORT YOU NOW.
  • [00:26:16.241]WHAT I DIDN'T EXPECT HIM TO SAY IS YOU MAKE SO MUCH MORE SENSE
  • [00:26:22.447]NOW.
  • [00:26:23.748][LAUGHTER] I FIGURED I WAS WALKING AROUND
  • [00:26:25.650]NERVOUS ALL THE TIME.
  • [00:26:26.851]THE SECOND THING HE SAID, IS DON'T TELL ANYONE ELSE.
  • [00:26:31.856]JUST KEEP GOING.
  • [00:26:34.125]ONE DAY I WAS ASSIGNED TO COVER SARAH PALIN, IN OHIO,
  • [00:26:45.537]THE PAPERS I USED WERE FAKE?
  • [00:26:48.039]HE WAS THE FIRST PERSON I CALLED, AND HE WAS THE ONE TO
  • [00:26:51.643]CALM ME DOWN AND STAY, YOU'RE BEING PARANOID, DON'T WORRY
  • [00:26:56.181]ABOUT IT.
  • [00:26:56.815]GO ON.
  • [00:26:58.283]I WONDER, HOW MANY PETER PEARLS ARE THERE AROUND ALL ACROSS THIS
  • [00:27:05.757]COUNTRY?
  • [00:27:06.658]HELPING PEOPLE LIKE US.
  • [00:27:08.393]EVERY WAY, IN EVERY PROFESSION, I SO I MADE THIS FILM CALLED
  • [00:27:17.268]"DOCUMENTED" AND I WANT TO SHOW A SCENE FROM THE FILM, THAT
  • [00:27:20.171]SHOWS THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ISSUE, AND THE HUMANITY THAT'S
  • [00:27:26.044]MOSTLY MISSING.
  • [00:27:26.878]>> THE LAW IS THE TOUGHEST IN THE NATION IS ON THE BOOKS NOW
  • [00:27:30.515]IN ALABAMA.
  • [00:27:31.416]>> THE LAW WILL ALLOW THE OFFICIALS TO CHECK THE
  • [00:27:34.619]IMMIGRATION STATUS OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND GIVE THE
  • [00:27:37.756]POLICE NEW POWERS TO DETERMINE WHETHER SOMEONE IS IN THE
  • [00:27:40.959]COUNTRY ILLEGALLY.
  • [00:27:42.894]>> BUT IT'S BEYOND THE LEGAL ISSUE.
  • [00:27:50.068]IT DEPENDS ON WHETHER OR NOT THIS IS TREATED IN ALABAMA AS
  • [00:27:52.737]NOT JUST A DEMOGRAPHIC ISSUE, BUT A CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUE.
  • [00:27:58.309]>> TELL ME OBJECT HOW THIS IMPACTED YOU
  • [00:28:02.914]PERSONALLY?
  • [00:28:03.314]>> I DO KNOW SOME PEOPLE WHO ARE UNDOCUMENTED, AND I KNOW PEOPLE
  • [00:28:07.886]WHO ARE DOCUMENTED, AND IT CREATED A LEVEL OF FEAR FOR HIM.
  • [00:28:13.958]WHERE, YOU SHOULD NEVER FEAR YOUR GOVERNMENT, THE GOVERNMENT
  • [00:28:16.895]SHOULD FEAR YOU, THIS PRODUCES [INAUDIBLE].
  • [00:28:21.833]>> STRAIGHT UP.
  • [00:28:24.636][INAUDIBLE].
  • [00:28:25.070]>> YEAH.
  • [00:28:26.104]>> SOUND LIKE GARBAGE.
  • [00:28:31.242]>> YOU'RE HERE [INAUDIBLE].
  • [00:28:33.611]YOU AGREE.
  • [00:28:35.213]>> YES I DOING, GET THEM OUT OF HERE, THAT'S WHAT I AGREE WITH.
  • [00:28:41.119]BYE BYE.
  • [00:28:42.087]GET YOUR PAPERS OR GET OUT.
  • [00:28:50.395]YOU GOT YOUR PAPERS?
  • [00:28:51.729]>> WHAT IF I TOLD YOU I DIDN'T.
  • [00:28:54.866]>> THEN YOU NEED TO GET YOUR AS HOME THEN.
  • [00:28:58.536]THAT'S WHAT I WOULD SAY.
  • [00:28:59.804]THAT'S MY RESPONSE.
  • [00:29:01.139]>> WE'RE NOT GOING NOWHERE.
  • [00:29:03.708]I'M CHILLING, SHUT UP.
  • [00:29:05.677]SHUT YOUR FACE.
  • [00:29:06.811]>> DON'T EMBARRASS ME.
  • [00:29:16.421]>> MY MOM WANTED TO GIVE ME A BETTER LIFE AT 12, AND SHE SENT
  • [00:29:22.227]ME TO LIVE WITH HER PARENTS IN CALIFORNIA.
  • [00:29:24.429]I LIVED WITH THEM, AND THEN I FOUND OUT I'M ILLEGAL, AND THEN
  • [00:29:29.834]I'M LIKE, I BETTER SPEAK ENGLISH WELL, I'LL WORK MY AS OFF.
  • [00:29:37.308]I'VE BEEN PAYING TAXES SINCE I WAS 18.
  • [00:29:39.244]>> GOOD, GOOD, THAT'S GREAT.
  • [00:29:41.913]>> THANK YOU.
  • [00:29:43.148]>> THE THING IS THOUGH, YOU HAVE TO -- YOU CAME OVER AND BECAME A
  • [00:29:48.920]PRODUCTIVE MEMBER OF SOCIETY.
  • [00:29:51.022]ALL RIGHT?
  • [00:29:51.422]THAT'S WHAT YOU DID, RIGHT?
  • [00:29:53.825]>> EVERYONE WANTS TO BE.
  • [00:29:56.895]>> YOU HAVE SOMEONE -- HORDES OF PEOPLE COMING OVER, AND STANDING
  • [00:30:01.666]TEN DEEP IN AN APARTMENT.
  • [00:30:05.136]AND LIKE, I'M A CONTRACTOR.
  • [00:30:07.805]I'M A BLUE COLLAR GUY.
  • [00:30:10.008]I BUILD HOUSES, AND YOU'VE GOT -- [INAUDIBLE] FOR $10, AND
  • [00:30:15.346]ANOTHER ONE THAT'LL DO IT FOR 20 OR $30 --
  • [00:30:31.663]>> I OWN 32 ACRES HERE.
  • [00:30:33.464]>> AND BORN AND RAISED IN ALABAMA?
  • [00:30:37.368]>> YES, I DON'T FARM AT ONE TIME, FOR THE SIMPLE REASON, I'M
  • [00:30:43.041]GETTING OLDER.
  • [00:30:44.008]AND TACO IS THE NICKNAME OF MY LATINO WORKER, IT'S A FRIENDSHIP
  • [00:30:50.682]AND HE WORKS WITH ME ALSO, I'D RATHER SAY HE WORKS WITH ME THAN
  • [00:30:56.521]FOR ME.
  • [00:30:58.923]IF I GO TO HIS HOUSE, HIS THREE GRANDCHILDREN, COME HUG ME, JUST
  • [00:31:06.898]LIKE MY OWN.
  • [00:31:08.733]HERE'S A PICTURE OF HIS KIDS.
  • [00:31:11.803]LATINOS ARE SCARED.
  • [00:31:16.407]THAT THEY'RE HERE ILLEGALLY, THEY'RE SCARED, IF THEY'RE HERE
  • [00:31:20.945]LEGALLY, THEY HAVE FAMILY MEMBERS THAT THEY'RE SCARED FOR.
  • [00:31:24.916]THE IDEA THAT IF I HAVE TACO IN A VEHICLE WITH ME, I'M LIABLE
  • [00:31:29.087]ALSO, AND I CAN BE ARRESTED.
  • [00:31:31.656]WELL, THAT'S TELLING ME WHO THE STATE OF ALABAMA IS TELLING ME
  • [00:31:36.561]WHO MY FRIENDS CAN BE.
  • [00:31:38.129]I'M A CONSERVATIVE AND A HARD CORE REPUBLICAN, BUT I DON'T
  • [00:31:42.333]AGREE WITH THEM ON THIS.
  • [00:31:44.936]YOU HAVE AN IMMIGRATION PROBLEM, BUT THIS IS NO WAY OF SOLVING
  • [00:31:48.506]IT.
  • [00:31:48.773]>> THERE'S A LOT IN THAT FIVE MINUTES.
  • [00:31:50.975]I'M PROUD TO SAY, THAT THIS IS THE FIRST FILM TO BE DIRECT AND
  • [00:31:54.679]HAD PRODUCED BY AN UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANT.
  • [00:31:58.149]IT'S ON NETFLIX AND I-TUNES SO CHECK IT OUT.
  • [00:32:02.854]I WANT TO EXPLAIN A COUPLE OF THINGS.
  • [00:32:05.123]THE FIRST PART OF THE SCENE, THE DRUNK GUY, I NEVER GOT HIS NAME.
  • [00:32:10.028]BUT I HAVE TO SAY, I WAS NERVOUS OF THIS SCENE, I DIDN'T HAVE --
  • [00:32:14.332]HAVING SPENT A LOT OF TIME IN THE SOUTH NOW, I DIDN'T WANT TO
  • [00:32:18.836]PORTRAY HIM AS YOUR STEREO TYPICAL RED NECK GUY, WHATEVER
  • [00:32:22.707]THAT MEANS.
  • [00:32:23.775]BUT THE WAY HE WAS TALKING TO HIS GIRLFRIEND OR WIFE WAS
  • [00:32:28.846]TROUBLESOME.
  • [00:32:29.280]I WAS GOING TO EDIT THAT OUT, AND THEN, IT'S PART OF THE
  • [00:32:34.152]CONTEXT.
  • [00:32:34.485]IT TELLS YOU SOMETHING OF THE RELATIONSHIP.
  • [00:32:37.422]I DON'T KNOW IF YOU NOTICED THIS, HE CHANGED HIS MIND ABOUT
  • [00:32:43.027]ME, WHEN IT STARTED LISTENING TO HIM, BUT THE SECOND THING IS
  • [00:32:46.397]WHEN I PAID TAXES, DID YOU NOTICE THAT?
  • [00:32:53.771]AND THEN HE SAID, I'M A CONTRACTOR, I'M A BLUE COLLAR
  • [00:32:59.177]GUY.
  • [00:32:59.544]I WANT TO CHARGE PEOPLE $20, AND PEOPLE COME IN AND CHARGE 10,
  • [00:33:04.849]THAT'S A VALID CONCERN.
  • [00:33:08.252]RIGHT?
  • [00:33:08.553]HE HAS A POINT.
  • [00:33:10.488]OF COURSE, HE WANTS TO BE ABLE TO PROVIDE FOR HIS FAMILY AND
  • [00:33:13.558]MAKE THE MONEY THAT HE WANTS TO MAKE, RIGHT?
  • [00:33:16.761]BUT WHAT YOU DIDN'T SEE IN THE FILM, WE COULDN'T KEEP FILMING,
  • [00:33:23.167]I WAS AFRAID HE WAS GOING TO GET MORE BELLIGERENT, I SAID, WHY
  • [00:33:29.540]ARE YOU BLAMING THE WORKERS, AND YOU SHOULD LOOK AT THE ONES
  • [00:33:33.678]EMPLOYING YOU.
  • [00:33:34.278]THE EMPLOYERS, WE ARE A COUNTRY ADDICTED TO CHEAP LABOR.
  • [00:33:40.451]I'M SORRY, I WAS IN THE SOUTH.
  • [00:33:43.888]WE'RE FREE, WHO DID?
  • [00:33:48.793]RIGHT?
  • [00:33:49.093]WHO IS DOING THE WORK, MIND YOU, ALABAMA, IS ONE OF THE STATES IN
  • [00:33:53.598]THE COUNTRY THAT ACTUALLY PASSED A LAW BANNING UNDOCUMENTED
  • [00:33:59.203]PEOPLE TO HARVEST AND ACTUALLY BE FARM WORKERS, GUESS WHAT
  • [00:34:04.842]HAPPENED?
  • [00:34:05.376]ALABAMA LOST MILLIONS OF DOLLARS, BECAUSE AMERICANS DID
  • [00:34:08.746]NOT WANT TO DO THE JOB, IT WAS TOO HARD APPARENTLY.
  • [00:34:13.184]THAT'S AN IMPORTANT PART OF THAT THEME.
  • [00:34:15.585]LAWRENCE, AND LAWRENCE THE FARMER, I HAVE TO TELL YOU, WE
  • [00:34:18.755]TEXT QUITE A BIT.
  • [00:34:20.190]HE DISCOVERED TEXTING A YEAR AGO.
  • [00:34:24.161]HE TEXTS QUITE A BIT.
  • [00:34:27.231]LAWRENCE SPOKE ABOUT TACO, AND ABOUT IMMIGRATION WITH A KIND OF
  • [00:34:32.103]HUMANITY THAT I DARE YOU, WOULD ELUDE THE STAGE TOMORROW, AT THE
  • [00:34:37.408]GOP REPUBLICAN DEBATE.
  • [00:34:38.775]HE SPOKE ABOUT IMMIGRATION WITH A COMPLEXITY, THAT WE RARELY
  • [00:34:43.947]HEAR ABOUT, WHEN IT COMES TO THIS ISSUE.
  • [00:34:46.818]I WONDER IN THIS STATE, HOW MANY LAWRENCE'S ARE AROUND?
  • [00:34:51.155]IT'S FASCINATE TO SEE THE RISE OF DONALD TRUMP AND THE FACT
  • [00:34:55.393]THAT HE'S INVOKING RICHARD NIXON SILENT MAJORITY.
  • [00:35:03.701]I WOULD ARGUE THERE IS A REAL SILENT MAJORITY, AND THAT IS THE
  • [00:35:08.339]PRINCIPAL, THE MENTOR, AND LAWRENCE THE FARMER.
  • [00:35:12.844]WE NEED MORE PEOPLE LIKE THEM TO COME OUT, AND SUPPORT OF US.
  • [00:35:18.950]TO SAY, THAT UNDOCUMENTED PEOPLE ARE NOT WHAT YOU THINK THEY ARE.
  • [00:35:23.387]AND WE NEED TO ACTUALLY EXPAND THIS CONVERSATION.
  • [00:35:29.026]NOW, I SHOW YOU SOME HATEFUL POINTS AND I GET SOME CRAZY
  • [00:35:35.399]SOMETIMES OVERLY EMOTIONAL TWEETS.
  • [00:35:37.101]I GOT THIS ONE A FEW MONTHS AGO.
  • [00:35:40.838]SHE SAID, SHE'S UNDOCUMENTED HERSELF.
  • [00:35:43.941]SHE'S OUT.
  • [00:35:45.476]AND SHE SAID, IF THIS COUNTRY DOESN'T WANT YOU, DOESN'T WANT
  • [00:35:50.481]ME EITHER, WHY NOT MOVE TO A COUNTRY THAT DOES?
  • [00:35:54.886]SO I THINK ABOUT THIS A LOT.
  • [00:35:57.355]I'M ABOUT TO BE 35 IN FIVE MONTHS, AND THAT'S BEEN MY SCARY
  • [00:36:02.894]AGE.
  • [00:36:03.160]AND BUT BY TIME I WAS 35, I WAS HOPING TO GO VISIT PRINCE
  • [00:36:09.967]EDWARD ISLAND, WHERE THEY FILMED MY FAVORITE MOVIE.
  • [00:36:13.905]I COULD GO TO SOUTH AFRICA, TO TRACE MANDELA'S JOURNEY.
  • [00:36:21.379]OR TO SEE CHINA, PARIS.
  • [00:36:23.681]AND BY 35, I WOULD BE REUNITED WITH MY MOM, WHO I HAVE NOT SEEN
  • [00:36:30.821]SINCE I LEFT SINCE I WAS 12.
  • [00:36:33.791]AND SOMETIMES, THERE'S A PART OF ME THAT JUST WANTS TO LEAVE.
  • [00:36:39.730]BECAUSE, YOU DON'T WANT ME, FINE, I CAN BE A WRITER
  • [00:36:45.570]ANYWHERE.
  • [00:36:46.203]I CAN MAKE FILMS ANYWHERE.
  • [00:36:49.006]BUT THEN IT WOULD SEEM GROSSLY IRRESPONSIBLE, GIVEN TO ME, ONE
  • [00:36:54.211]WAY I DEFINE AMERICAN IS AMERICA HAS ALWAYS BEEN A FIGHT.
  • [00:37:00.618]THROUGHOUT THE HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY, TO THE HISTORY OF
  • [00:37:07.992]THIS ENTIRE COUNTRY.
  • [00:37:09.627]HAS ALWAYS BEEN SHAPED AND FRAMED AND HONORED BY PEOPLE WHO
  • [00:37:14.231]FOUGHT.
  • [00:37:14.565]AND WHO CONTINUE TO FIGHT.
  • [00:37:16.567]TO MAKE THIS COUNTRY THE MOST INCLUSIVE AND THE MOST HUMANE
  • [00:37:22.540]THAT IT CAN POSSIBLY BE.
  • [00:37:24.141]THAT'S WHAT PEOPLE LIKE ME, SHOULDN'T SEE, AND THAT'S WHY
  • [00:37:28.312]I'M NOT LEAVING AND THAT'S WHY WE NEED MORE PEOPLE TO COME OUT.
  • [00:37:33.184][APPLAUSE] I'M NOT NAIVE ABOUT THIS, THE
  • [00:37:49.667]NEWS IN THE PAST DAY, THERE WAS A WOMAN IN TEXAS, IN HOUSTON, A
  • [00:37:55.873]MEXICAN UNDOCUMENTED WOMAN WHO WENT TO SEE A GYNECOLOGIST, AND
  • [00:38:03.280]ENDED UP BEING ARRESTED AT THE DOCTOR'S OFFICE, BECAUSE HE
  • [00:38:08.486]PRESENTED FAKE PAPERS.

Jose Antonio Vargas (born February 3, 1981) is a journalist, filmmaker, and immigration rights activist. Born in the Philippines and raised in the United States from the age of twelve, he was part of The Washington Post team that won the Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting in 2008 for coverage of the Virginia Tech shooting online and in print.[2] Vargas also has worked for the San Francisco Chronicle, the Philadelphia Daily News, and The Huffington Post.[3] He wrote, produced, and directed the autobiographical 2013 film, Documented, which CNN Films broadcast in June 2014.

In a June 2011 essay in The New York Times Magazine, Vargas revealed his status as an undocumented immigrant[3] in an effort to promote dialogue about the immigration system in the U.S. and to advocate for the DREAM Act, which would provide children in similar circumstances with a path to citizenship. A year later, a day after the publication of his Time cover story about his continued uncertainty regarding his immigration status, the Obama administration announced it was halting the deportation of undocumented immigrants age 30 and under, who would be eligible for the DREAM Act. Vargas, who had just turned 31, did not qualify.[4]

Vargas is the founder of Define American, a nonprofit organization intended to open up dialogue about the criteria people use to determine who is an American. He has said: "I am an American. I just don't have the right papers."[5]

Personal life and education[edit]

Vargas was born in Antipolo[6] in the Philippines. In 1993, when Vargas was twelve, his mother sent him to live with his grandparents in the U.S. without obtaining authorization for him to stay in the country permanently; his grandparents were naturalized U.S. citizens.[3] In Mountain View, California, he attended Crittenden Middle School and Mountain View High School.[7] He did not learn of his immigration status until 1997 when, at age 16, he attempted to obtain a California driver's license with identity documents provided by his family that he then discovered were fraudulent. He kept his immigration status secret, pursuing his education and fitting in as an American with the help of friends and teachers. He used a Filipino passport and false documents that included a green card and a driver's license to help him avoid deportation.[3]

His high school English teacher introduced him to journalism,[8] and in 1998 he began an internship at the Mountain View Voice, a local newspaper. He later became a copy boy for the San Francisco Chronicle. Unable to apply for traditional financial aid due to his status, with the help of his high school principal and school superintendent, Vargas secured a private scholarship to attend San Francisco State University,[9] where he earned a degree in political science and Black Studies. In the summers during college he interned for the Philadelphia Daily News and The Washington Post.[7]

Vargas came out as gay during his senior year of high school in 1999, a decision he later described as "less daunting than coming out about my legal status".[3] He spoke out against the Defense of Marriage Act, calling it an immigration issue that disadvantages people similar to him from "marry[ing] my way into citizenship like straight people can".[10]

Journalism[edit]

Work for The Washington Post[edit]

In 2004, immediately after graduation from San Francisco State, he was hired by the Style section of The Washington Post to cover the video game boom.[7] He became known for his anecdotal coverage of the HIV epidemic in Washington.[11] His coverage was adapted into a 2010 documentary entitled, The Other City.[7] In 2007, he was part of the Washington Post team covering the shootings at Virginia Tech, whose work earned a Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting.[2]

When Vargas made a pitch for an assignment as a politics reporter for the Post, he told his editor, "You need someone to cover the presidential campaign who has a Facebook account and who looks at YouTube every day." Vargas went on to cover the 2008 presidential campaign,[11] including a front-page article in 2007 about Wikipedia's impact on the 2008 election.[12]

He also wrote an online column entitled "The Clickocracy" on the Post's website.[13]

Pulitzer Prize[edit]

Vargas authored or contributed to three Washington Post articles about the Virginia Tech shootings that were awarded the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting.[2]

In "Students Make Connections at a Time of Total Disconnect" on April 17, 2007, Vargas reported on the role of technology in student experiences during the Virginia Tech shootings.[14] He described graduate student Jamal Albarghouti running toward the gunshots when he heard them, taking out his cell phone to take a shaky, one-minute video that later was aired on CNN.com. "This is what this YouTube-Facebook-instant messaging generation does," Vargas wrote. "Witness. Record. Share." The article also discussed the role of Facebook, which students used to keep in touch during the event. Albarghouti returned to his apartment to find 279 new Facebook messages, Vargas recounted, and another student, Trey Perkins, faced a similar inundation.

Vargas contributed to the article "'Pop, Pop, Pop': Students Down, Doors Barred, Leaps to Safety," which was published on April 17, 2007.[15] Through interviews with eyewitnesses, the story recounted the events of the Virginia Tech shootings. He also contributed to the article "That Was the Desk I Chose to Die Under," which ran in The Washington Post on April 19, 2007.[16] Vargas gained an interview with an eyewitness to the shootings by approaching him through Facebook, he explained to GMA News. "I got him on the phone, we talked for about 25 minutes, and he was the only eyewitness we had on the story, so it was a critical part of it," Vargas explained.[6]

Work for The Huffington Post[edit]

In July 2009, Vargas left the Post to join The Huffington Post, part of an exodus of young talent from the paper.[17]Arianna Huffington introduced herself to Vargas at a Washington Press Club Foundation dinner after overhearing someone mistake him for a busboy.

Vargas joined Huffington Post as technology and innovations editor, where he then created a "Technology as Anthropology" blog and launched the Technology vertical in September 2009 and the College vertical in February 2010.[18]

Other work[edit]

Vargas's articles on the AIDS epidemic in Washington, D.C., inspired a feature-length documentary, The Other City, which he co-produced and wrote. Directed by Susan Koch and co-produced by Sheila Johnson, the documentary premiered at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival[19] and aired on Showtime.[20]

In September 2010, Vargas profiled Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg in an article for The New Yorker.[21][22]

In February 2015, Vargas launched a venture called #EmergingUS that will use video and commentary to explore race and the "evolving American identity."[23]

In July 2015, Vargas directed and starred in a new documentary, White People, about the concept of white privilege.[24] The film debuted on MTV.[24]

Awards and Recognitions[edit]

In 2015, Vargas was named one of Out Magazine's "Out100", which celebrates 100 compelling people who have had a hand in moving forward LGBTQ rights. [25]

In 2016, Vargas received the José Esteban Muñoz award from CLAGS: The Center for LGBTQ Studies which is an award given to an individual who for promotes Queer Studies in their work or activism.[26]

In 2017, Vargas received an honorary doctorate degree from John Jay College of Criminal Justice.[27]

Immigration law advocacy[edit]

I define "American" as someone who works really hard, someone who is proud to be in this country and wants to contribute to it. I'm independent. I pay taxes. I'm self-sufficient. I'm an American, I just don't have the right papers. I take full responsibility for my actions, and I'm sorry for the laws that I have broken.

Jose Antonio Vargas[5]

In 2011, Vargas wrote an essay for The New York Times Sunday Magazine in which he revealed that he is an undocumented immigrant. He detailed how he came to discover this as a teenager and kept it hidden for almost 15 years, during which time he worked, paid taxes, and worried that his status would be exposed.[3] Vargas's essay received much media attention and was at the top of the Times "most-emailed" list the week it was published.[28] He received the June 2011 Sidney Award for his essay, an award given by The Sidney Hillman Foundation to what they evaluate as the "outstanding piece of socially-conscious journalism" published each month.[29]

Vargas founded Define American in 2011, a nonprofit project aimed at facilitating dialogue about immigration issues including the DREAM Act, which would provide undocumented immigrants with a path to citizenship through education or service in the military.[3] The organization also invites individuals to share their experiences via video.[8][30] In 2012, through Define American, Vargas began to monitor the use of the term "illegal immigrant" in the media, hoping to influence news organizations to use the term "undocumented" instead, which Vargas argues is a less dehumanizing term. His targets included The New York Times and the Associated Press.[31] In April 2013, the Associated Press announced that they would no longer use the term "illegal" to describe people and would abandon the term "illegal immigrant"; The New York Times said it also was reviewing its style guides regarding the term. Vargas welcomed the AP decision, saying that he hoped other news organizations would follow their example.[32]

In 2012, Vargas worked with filmmaker Chris Weitz on a group of four short documentaries entitled Is this Alabama? about the effects of Alabama's immigration legislation.[33][34] The documentary, which advocates the repeal of HB 56, is a collaborative effort on the part of Define American, America's Voice, and the Center for American Progress.[35]

In June 2012, Vargas wrote a cover story for Time magazine about the uncertainty of his life "in limbo" during the year following his revelation that he was an undocumented immigrant.[4] The day after the article appeared, President Obama announced that his administration would halt the deportation of undocumented immigrants age 30 and under, who would qualify for DREAM Act relief, and provide work permits for them, allowing them to remain in the U.S. legally;[36] Vargas, at age 31, however, was not eligible for this program, but greeted it as a "victory for DREAMers".[37]

In the years since revealing his status in 2011, Vargas has become the public face of undocumented immigrants. He presented emotional testimony at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing in February 2013.[9][38][39]

Vargas wrote, directed, and produced the autobiographical film, Documented: A film by an undocumented American, released in 2013 and presented by CNN Films in 2014.[40] It portrays his life from the time he was sent from the Philippines to the United States as a child, his discovery of his immigration status at age 16, his college years, his career as a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, and his decision for public revelation of his status as undocumented. The film chronicles his rise as an outspoken advocate for the undocumented, while portraying the personal pain his circumstances have caused him and his family, especially the separation from his mother whom he has not seen in more than 20 years.[41][42] The film was funded by a former Facebook president, Sean Parker, who also was its executive producer.[43][relevant?– discuss]

Vargas has worked closely with the tech advocacy group, FWD.us, in their efforts to advocate for comprehensive immigration reform. He referred to the growing collaboration between Silicon Valley leaders and immigrant activists as a "marriage of unlikely allies" that bodes well for the passage of reform.[44] Facebook founder and CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, who generally maintains a low public profile, spoke before the screening of Documented to introduce Vargas and to lobby House members to keep up reform momentum. Zuckerberg recounted his experience tutoring undocumented students as his inspiration for starting FWD.us.[45]

In November 2013, Vargas served on the panel of judges for the DREAMer Hackathon hosted by FWD.us at LinkedIn headquarters. He was joined by Zuckerberg, Dropbox CEO Drew Houston, former Groupon CEO Andrew Mason, LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman, and FWD.us President Joe Green. The 24-hour hackathon brought together undocumented immigrants and Silicon Valley tech veterans to create immigration reform advocacy projects.[46] The panel selected Push4Reform, a web application developed by a team of DREAMers to connect supporters to Congress, as the winning advocacy tool.[47]

On July 15, 2014, Vargas was arrested by immigration authorities while trying to leave the border town of McAllen, Texas.[48][49] Vargas was there for a vigil organized by United We Dream, outside a shelter for recently released Central American migrants. He had a camera crew from Define American with him to interview and film undocumented immigrant minor children from Central America. Vargas later wrote that he did not realize until he was there, that he would have to cross through a U.S. Customs and Border Protection checkpoint in order to leave the Rio Grande Valley. He went through airport security with his Philippine passport and a pocket-size copy of the United States Constitution. Initially, he was cleared by the Transportation Security Administration, but a border agent took his passport, reviewed his documents, asked him some questions, placed him in handcuffs, and escorted him to the McAllen Border Patrol station for further questioning. He was released later that day.[50][51][52] A statement followed that the release was because he had no history of criminal activity.

PEN Center USA announced in July 2014 that they are giving Vargas their 2014 Freedom to Write award for immigration advocacy in his writing.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Our Team". DefineAmerican. 2011. Retrieved February 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ abc"Breaking News Reporting". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org). Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  3. ^ abcdefgVargas, Jose Antonio. "My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant", The New York Times, June 22, 2011, accessed June 22, 2011.
  4. ^ abVargas, Jose Antonio (June 25, 2012). "Jose Antonio Vargas' Life as an Undocumented Immigrant". TIME. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  5. ^ abBerestein Rojas, Leslie (June 22, 2011). "Jose Antonio Vargas: 'I'm an American, I just don't have the right papers'". Scpr.org. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  6. ^ abIlustre, Jennie L. "Jose Antonio Vargas: Pulitzer Prize Winner", GMA News Online, April 10, 2008, accessed June 23, 2011.
  7. ^ abcd"From MV to D.C.: Pulitzer Prize-winning Mountain View alumnus chats with mentor". Los Altos Online. October 15, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  8. ^ abYounjoo Sang (February 22, 2012). "Jose Antonio Vargas calls for immigration reform". Michigan Daily. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  9. ^ ab"Senate Judiciary Committee Testimony: Jose Antonio Vargas"(PDF). United States Senate. February 13, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  10. ^Wilkes-Edrington, Lindsay (2013-02-01). "Jose Antonio Vargas On John McCain: Gay Undocumented Journalist Criticizes Senator's Immigration Stance (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  11. ^ ab"Blogs Are Yesterday. Now It's Vlog Time., thewashingtonian.com". Washingtonian.com. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  12. ^Vargas, Jose Antonio (September 17, 2007). "On Wikipedia, Debating 2008 Hopefuls' Every Facet". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  13. ^"Jose Antonio Vargas work". Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  14. ^"Students Make Connections at a Time of Total Disconnect". Pulitzer.org. April 17, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  15. ^"'Pop, Pop, Pop': Students Down, Doors Barred, Leaps to Safety". Pulitzer.org. April 17, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  16. ^"That Was the Desk I Chose to Die Under". Pulitzer.org. April 19, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  17. ^"Young Stars Leaving the Washington Post". Washingtonian.com. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  18. ^Calderone, Michael (July 21, 2009). "WaPo's Vargas heads to HuffPost". Politico.com. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  19. ^Lazarus, Catie "Tribeca Talks: The Other City". April 30, 2010, accessed June 23, 2011.
  20. ^"The Other City", Showtime website, accessed June 22, 2011.
  21. ^Vargas, Jose Antonio. "The Face of Facebook"The New Yorker, September 20, 2010.
  22. ^"The New Yorker Profiles Mark Zuckerberg". Digitizd.com. September 13, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2011. 
  23. ^Pierson, David (February 15, 2015). "Jose Antonio Vargas, L.A. Times in multimedia venture on race". Los Angeles Times. 
  24. ^ abCraven, Julia (July 16, 2015). "White Millennials Explain What It Means To Be White In America, And You Should Listen". The Huffington Post. 
  25. ^https://www.out.com/out100-2015/2015/11/09/out100-jose-antonio-vargas
  26. ^https://www.gc.cuny.edu/All-GC-Events/Calendar/Detail?id=34639
  27. ^https://www.jjay.cuny.edu/news/renowned-civil-rights-litigator-mary-l-bonauto-and-pulitzer-prize-winning-journalistactivist
  28. ^Martin, Courtney E. (June 28, 2011). "For Undocumented Immigrants, Activism Can Invite a Deportation Threat". The Nation. Retrieved June 29, 2011. 
  29. ^"Jose Antonio Vargas Wins June Sidney for Account of His Life as an Undocumented Immigrant". The Sidney Hillman Foundation. July 15, 2011. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  30. ^"Yes! Magazine". Yes! Magazine. Positive Futures Network. June 23, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  31. ^Hesson, Ted (September 21, 2012). "Jose Antonio Vargas Challenges NYT and AP To Drop 'Illegal Immigrant'". ABC News. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  32. ^Costantini, Christina (April 3, 2013). "'Illegal Immigrant' Nixed by AP". ABC News. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  33. ^Brookes, Julian (February 24, 2012). "Oscars: How A Better Life's Chris Weitz and Demian Bichir Got Political". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  34. ^Bickham, Tamika (February 22, 2012). "Alabama's Illegal Immigration Law Gets Attention From Hollywood". CBS 8 News: WAKA Montgomery. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  35. ^"'Is This Alabama?' Documentary Pushes For HB 56 Immigration Law Repeal – Huffington Post". Birmingham Observer. February 15, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  36. ^Franke-Ruta, Garance (June 15, 2012). "Obama's Game Changer on Young Illegal Immigrants". The Atlantic. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  37. ^Hudson, John (June 15, 2012). "New Immigration Policy Won't Save Jose Antonio Vargas". The Atlantic Wire. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  38. ^Sherer, Michael (February 14, 2013). "Jose Antonio Vargas' Emotional Senate Testimony". Time. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  39. ^Vargas, Jose Antonio (February 13, 2013). "My Family's Papers". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  40. ^Vargas, Jose Antonio (June 30, 2014). "Undocumented and hiding in plain sight". CNN. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  41. ^Vargas, Jose Antonio (March 13, 2014). "Why I made 'Documented'". CNN. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  42. ^O'Sullivan, Michael (May 29, 2014). "'Documented' movie review: Jose Antonio Vargas's self-portrait with a mission". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  43. ^CNN Acquires Vargas' Immigration Film Documented, Brett Zongker, AP, November 19, 2013.
  44. ^"Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg speaks out on immigration reform". San Jose Mercury News. 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  45. ^Quinn, Michelle (2013-08-06). "Mark Zuckerberg: Immigration stakes high for tech, undocumented immigrants". Politico. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  46. ^Wagner, Kurt (2013-11-22). "A Hackathon for Immigration Reform Worth Its Weight in Code". Mashable. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  47. ^Segall, Laurie (2014-01-23). "FWD.US launches immigration advocacy app". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  48. ^Jose Antonio Vargas Arrest Puts Focus On Border Checkpoints, Suzanne Gamboa, NBC News, July 15, 2014.
  49. ^Journalist-turned-immigration activist Jose Antonio Vargas detained at Texas airport, J. Freedom du Lac, The Washington Post, July 15, 2014.
  50. ^Preston, Julia (July 15, 2014). "Outspoken Immigrant Advocate, Also Undocumented, Is Held in Texas". The New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  51. ^McLaughlin, Eliott C. (July 15, 2014). "Journalist Jose Vargas, symbol of immigration debate, detained at airport". CNN. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  52. ^Bobic, Igor; Grim, Ryan (July 15, 2014). "Undocumented Journalist Jose Antonio Vargas Detained At The Border". Huffington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  53. ^Bloom, David (July 30, 2014). "Norman Lear Lifetime Achievement Award from PEN Center USA". Deadline.com. Retrieved August 1, 2014. 

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